Consternation on a Constellation — Flying from Curaçao to Amsterdam in 1948 (Part 1)

Part 1 | Part 2 | Part 3 | Part 4 | Part 5

This web page was updated on April 28, 2015

Editor’s Note: Ben Guilliamse, the primary author of this web page, was a retired British Columbia Telephone Company employee and part-time bush pilot. For several years, he headed search & rescue operations in B.C.’s Central Interior. Ben was killed on June 7, 2004, when his beloved Cessna 180 crashed shortly after take off from the airport at Prince George, B.C.

According to witnesses and the British Columbia Coroner’s Report, Ben’s aircraft entered cloud at an elevation of 900 feet, and moments later reappeared in a dive under full power. Ben apparently suffered vergito once he entered the cloud, and, like many experienced pilots before him, failed to trust his instruments. The aircraft probably stalled (an airplane is said to stall if it loses lift), went into a steep dive, and plunged into a bog near the end of the runway. Ben’s body, still in the cockpit, was recovered with difficulty from a depth of more than 20 feet, moments before the wreckage of the aircraft sank out of sight.

I miss Ben’s friendship and his well-stocked store of aviation knowledge, stories, and black aviation humour. Over the years he had proved himself to be a generous and helpful friend. At the same time, I cannot characterize his death as a tragedy: He was suffering from health problems that would have soon grounded him, and left no family members behind. He is the only person I have ever known who had no living relatives. I have no doubt that Ben would have preferred to die as he did rather than experience a long and lingering death in some “rest home”.

When Ben was 14 years old, he and his parents took an unforgettable — and potentially disastrous — Transatlantic flight on a Lockheed Constellation, an adventure he recounts in the following article.

Bob Ingraham

★ ★ ★

By Ben Guilliamse, with Bob Ingraham

On March 31st, 1939 my parents and I departed from Amsterdam on S.S. Costa Rica, a passenger ship of the Royal Dutch Steamship Company (KNSM). Our destination was Curaçao, an island in the Netherlands Antilles, in the Caribbean Sea about 50 km off the coast of Venezuela.

Two views of S.S. Costa Rica , formerly Prinses (Princess) Juliana — Painting courtesy of the artist, C.E.A. van Boeckel; photograph is unattributed

Escaping the coming war

My father had just finished his studies in pathology and was looking for a suitable position in his chosen field. Amongst his list of applications he had also applied for a vacant position in the government’s Health Services in the Netherlands Antilles. He was successful in having the job awarded to him and he would be stationed in Willemstad, the capital of the island Curaçao. The move also afforded my family the opportunity to escape the coming war in Europe.

As part of his employment conditions, my father would get a yearly vacation period of two weeks for three years in a row. Every fourth year he would be eligible for a vacation period of four months. That extended vacation included the two-way transportation costs for his family to a major destination point of their choice.

Because the Second World War did come, only five months after our move, holidays were not possible until after the war. As my parents were anxious to meet with the surviving members of their families in the Netherlands it was obvious that Amsterdam was their choice for our major destination point. My paternal grandfather had a fatal heart attack on a streetcar in the Hague in 1944. My mother’s youngest sister had a baby boy in 1941 who had died in 1943. There were also two great uncles, who I only vaguely knew by name, who had not survived the “Hunger Winter” of 1944, a result of the despicable Nazi policy of exporting virtually all of the Holland’s agricultural produce to Germany.

S.S. Costa Rica being evacuated in — Australia War Museum photo

Although the war had ended in 1945, there were few suitable passenger steamships owned by KNSM to make the trip to the Netherlands by sea. The majority had succumbed to the war effort and had found resting places on the bottom of various seas and oceans. (Among the Dutch ships which were lost during the war was the S.S. Costa Rica, which had brought us to Curaçao. It had become an Allied troop transport; on April 27, 1941, during the evacuation of 2,600 British, Australian, and New Zealand forces from Greece, Stuka dive bombers sank the Costa Rica off the Mediterranean island of Crete. A British destroyer, H.M.S. Hereward rescued all passengers and crew.

KLM resumes Trans-Atlantic operations

The lack of passenger ships was soon compensated for by a post-war resurgence of commercial long distance aviation. Only six months after the surrender of Japan, Royal Dutch Airlines — better known to everyone as KLM — had resumed transatlantic operations, using Douglas DC-4 airliners, which were civilian versions of the military C-54 transports which had been the first large land planes to pioneer Trans-Atlantic air routes during the Second World War.

The first of 15 post-war test flights by KLM from Curaçao to Amsterdam, on February 20, 1946, was routed across the South Atlantic via Paramaribo in Surinam, Natal in South Africa, Dakar in Senegal, and Lisbon. Later, the KLM route would be changed to cross the North Atlantic via New York City and Gander, Newfoundland.

Postcard with a cachet picturing a Douglas DC-4 airliner, postmarked Feb. 19, 1946 and flown the next day on KLM’s first post-war flight across the South Atlantic from Willemstad, Curaçao to Amsterdam.

The residents of Curaçao lost no time in claiming their lost vacation time. Travelling to Netherlands by air rather than by sea suited my parents to a “T,” as the sea voyage would take three weeks in each direction and they were anxious to spend as much time as possible with their relations. We had returned to Netherlands shortly after the war, in a DC-4, but I don’t remember much about that flight.

Our second post-war holiday, which I recall quite well, would be made in a Lockheed Constellation aircraft operated by KLM.

Next, in Part 2: Ben briefly discusses the the history of KLM Airlines and the route his family will take to Amsterdam; he and his parents prepare for their departure from Hato Airport in Curaçao.

Part 1 | Part 2 | Part 3 | Part 4 | Part 5